Avant-garde is a French term meaning “vanguard”, used to describe works that are cutting edge. It refers to any group that is innovative, unorthodox, or experimental in inventing and applying new ideas, techniques or art forms. Avant-garde works are often radical and shocking, pushing the boundary of what is considered acceptable.

Some examples of avant-garde art include Dadaism, Surrealism, and Abstract Expressionism. These movements were all characterized by their rejection of traditional values and conventions. They sought to create something new and expressive, often shocking the mainstream audience.

Avant-garde artists often experiment with new mediums and techniques, pushing the boundaries of what is possible. They are not afraid to take risks, and their work often challenges conventional ideas about art.

Despite their rebellious nature, avant-garde artists have had a significant impact on the course of art history. Their innovative works have inspired generations of artists and helped to shape the way we think about art today.