The Barcelona Academy of Fine Arts (abbreviated in Catalan as ABAC) is a public tertiary education institution located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Founded on 3 August 1768 by King Charles III of Spain, it is the oldest Fine Arts college and research center in Spain. It is also one of the most prestigious art schools in Europe and it has been ranked as the best Fine Arts faculty in Spain by QS World University Rankings for 2019.

The college offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in a variety of fine arts topics, including painting, sculpture, graphic design, illustration, and art history. It has a strong research focus and its faculty members have won numerous prestigious awards, including the Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts, the Catalan National Prize for Culture, and the Gold Medal of the Generalitat of Catalonia.

The Barcelona Academy of Fine Arts is a member of the European University Association and the International Association of Universities. It is also accredited by the National Commission for Accreditation of Higher Education Institutions.