Casting is the process of making a sculpture by creating a hollow mold, filling it with a liquid material such as fiberglass, clay, molten metal or plastic, which hardens and adopts the shape of the mold. Casting can also be used to create a duplicate of an existing sculpture.
One advantage of casting is that it allows for a more precise duplication of the original piece than other methods such as carving or molding. It also allows for a greater range of materials to be used, including metals, glass, and plastics.
Disadvantages of casting include the fact that it is a relatively slow process, and that it can be difficult to remove the piece from the mold without damaging it.
Casting is often used in conjunction with other methods such as carving or modeling to create a more complex sculpture.