The Florentine Renaissance was a renaissance that refers to the rebirth of classical learning and values in central Italy, especially Florence, during the 14th to 16th centuries. The Florentine Renaissance began in the late 13th century and lasted until the 1527 sack of Rome by troops of Emperor Charles V and ended with the death of Lorenzo de’ Medici in 1492. The term “Renaissance” was first coined in the French language by Giorgio Vasari, a painter and architect from Florence, in his 1550 book Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects.

The Florentine Renaissance was marked by a revival of classical learning and values, as well as a rediscovery of the art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome. In addition, the Florentine Renaissance saw a number of significant political changes, including the rise of the powerful Medici family and the establishment of the Republic of Florence.

The Florentine Renaissance was a period of great creativity, with artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Botticelli making major contributions to the world of art. The Renaissance also saw a number of significant scientific advances, including the discovery of the laws of motion by Galileo Galilei and the development of anatomy by Leonardo da Vinci.