Georges Braque (1882 – 1963) was a key figure in the development of Cubism and is considered to be, along with Pablo Picasso, one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. Braque’s work demonstrates a mastery of form, color, and composition, and his highly abstract style helped pave the way for the development of non-representational art movements of the mid-20th century.

Georges Braque was born in Argenteuil, France, on May 13, 1882. He began his artistic studies at an early age, apprenticing with a local painter and decorator. In 1900 he moved to Paris to study at the prestigious Académie Humbert, where he met future fellow Cubist Pablo Picasso. The two artists quickly became friends and began working together, developing the ideas that would eventually lead to Cubism.

Braque’s early work was greatly influenced by the Post-Impressionists, particularly Paul Cézanne. He also began experimenting with collage, a technique that would come to be central to his work. In 1909 he had his first solo exhibition, which was met with critical acclaim.

Braque enlisted in the army at the outbreak of World War I and was wounded in combat. After his recovery, he returned to Paris and resumed working with Picasso on the development of Cubism. The two artists’ work from this period is often indistinguishable, as they were working closely together and sharing ideas.

In 1927 Braque had his first major retrospective, which was held at the Galerie Vollard in Paris. This exhibition cemented his reputation as one of the leading artists of the day.

Braque continued to work in a variety of mediums throughout his career, including painting, sculpture, printmaking, and ceramics. He also designed sets and costumes for the ballet and theater. He died in Paris on August 31, 1963.