Kurt Schwitters (1887-1948) was a German artist who is credited with creating the Dadaist and Constructivist art movements.
Schwitters was born in Hanover, Germany, and first studied art at the Kunsthochschule in Weimar. He later moved to Berlin, where he became involved in the Dada movement. Schwitters’ art was often political and satirical, and he was a prolific writer and publisher. He also developed his own artistic style, which he called “merz” after the German word for “completion” or “finish.”
In 1923, Schwitters left Berlin for Norway, where he founded the Merz magazine. He also built a series of Merz sculptures, which were destroyed in World War II. In 1937, Schwitters was arrested by the Nazis and spent several months in a concentration camp. He later escaped to London, where he died in 1948.
Today, Schwitters is considered one of the most important artists of the 20th century. His work has been exhibited in major museums around the world, and his legacy continues to influence artists and designers.