The Pergamon Altar was located in the ancient city of Pergamon in modern-day Turkey. It was built in the 2nd century BC by King Eumenes II as a monument to the Greek god Zeus and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The altar is made of white marble and is decorated with reliefs depicting scenes from Greek mythology, including the Battle of the Titans and the Gigantomachy. The main structure of the altar is rectangular, measuring approximately 50 feet by 25 feet. There are two staircases leading up to the altar, one on each side.
The Pergamon Altar was built during a time when the Kingdom of Pergamon was at the height of its power. It was one of the largest and most important cities in the ancient world, and Eumenes II was determined to make it a worthy capital of his kingdom. The altar was part of a larger complex that included temples dedicated to Athena and Demeter, as well as a library with over 200,000 scrolls.
The Pergamon Altar remained in use until the 4th century AD, when it was abandoned after the rise of Christianity.