Rufino Tamayo (August 26, 1899 – June 24, 1991) was a Mexican painter of Zapotec heritage, born in Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico. Tamayo’s parents taught him to have a strong appreciation for Mexican culture and heritage. As a young man, he worked for a time as an assistant to Diego Rivera. Initially influenced by Rivera, Tamayo eventually moved away from the large public murals and developed a more personal style.

Throughout his life, Tamayo worked in a variety of mediums, including painting, printmaking, ceramics, and tapestries. His work was often characterized by a focus on the human figure as well as bright colors and simple shapes.

Tamayo sought to distance himself from the influence of European art, instead celebrating the indigenous cultures of Mexico.