The Académie Julian was an art school founded in 1867 by French painter and teacher Rodolphe Julian (1839-1907). It was located in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, at 24 Rue du Vieux Colombier, and became one of the leading art schools in France in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Students at the Académie Julian included some of the most famous artists of the day, such as Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Georges Rouault, and André Derain. The school closed in 1968.

The Académie Julian offered an alternative to the traditional art education of the time, which focused mainly on historical and religious subjects. Julian believed that artists should paint from nature, and his students were given extensive training in drawing and painting from life.

The Académie Julian was known for its relaxed atmosphere and informal teaching style. Julian encouraged his students to experiment with color and form, and many of them went on to develop their own unique styles.