Analytic Cubism is an art movement that started around 1907. It is often seen as a reaction to the more freeform style of Post-Impressionism. In Analytic Cubism, artists deconstructed objects into their component parts, reducing them to basic geometric forms. This allowed them to analyze the structure of the object and its relationships to other objects.
One of the most famous practitioners of Analytic Cubism was Pablo Picasso. He and his friend Georges Braque developed the style, working closely together and sharing ideas. They began by painting ordinary objects like bottles and newspapers, but soon moved on to more complex subjects such as cityscapes.
Analytic Cubism had a major impact on the development of modern art. It paved the way for later movements such as Constructivism and De Stijl, and influenced artists as diverse as Juan Gris, Marcel Duchamp, and Piet Mondrian.