Georges Seurat (1859 – 1891) was a French painter and draftsman. His large-scale work, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1884-86), altered perceptions of what painting could be. It is an early example of pointillism, in which a painting is created by applying small dots of paint to a large surface. Seurat’s work was influential in the development of several important artistic styles, including Neo-Impressionism and Art Nouveau.
Georges Seurat’s most famous painting is A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. The work depicts people relaxing in a park on an island in the Seine River near Paris. Seurat used a technique called pointillism to create the work. Pointillism is a method of painting in which small dots of paint are applied to a large surface. The dots of paint blend together when viewed from a distance, creating an overall image.
Seurat’s use of pointillism was influenced by the work of the French artist Paul Signac. Signac’s work, which Seurat saw in an exhibition, used small dots of color to create a sense of light and movement. Seurat believed that the use of small dots of color would create a more naturalistic effect than the use of large brushstrokes.
Seurat’s painting was met with mixed reviews when it was first exhibited. Some critics praised the work for its use of color and light, while others criticized it for its lack of emotion. Despite the mixed reviews, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte is now considered to be one of the most important paintings of the late 19th century.
In addition to A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, Georges Seurat’s other notable works include Bathers at Asnieres (1884), The Circus (1891), and Sunday in the Park with George (1884-86). Seurat died of pneumonia at the age of 32. His short career nonetheless had a significant impact on the development of modern art.