Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by French art critic Félix Fénéon in 1886 to describe an art movement founded by Georges Seurat. Neo-Impressionism developed from Impressionism, and is characterized by a deliberate use of unbroken colors in closely spaced strokes to achieve the effect of intense color vibration. Contrary to popular belief, Neo-Impressionism did not grow out of dissatisfaction with Impressionism. Rather, it arose as a natural continuation of the evolution of Impressionism.

Some of the key Neo-Impressionist artists include Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Henri-Edmond Cross, Louis Valtat, Charles Angrand, and Maximilien Luce.

The Neo-Impressionist movement was short-lived, lasting only about ten years from 1886 to 1896. However, it was an important stepping stone in the development of modern art, and had a significant influence on subsequent art movements such as Fauvism, Cubism, and Abstract Expressionism.