The Gothic period in art history corresponds to the late medieval period in Europe, roughly from the 12th century to the 16th century. Gothic art was characterized by an increased emphasis on realism and the use of light and shadow to create a sense of depth. Gothic artists also frequently used intricate patterns and designs, as well as grandiose scenes with many figures.
In painting, the term “Gothic” typically refers to the style of art associated with Gothic architecture. Gothic architecture is characterized by its pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses, which helped to support the weight of the stone walls. Gothic paintings often depict religious scenes or scenes from mythology and folklore.
One of the most famous Gothic paintings is The Hay Wagon by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, which depicts a scene of peasants loading hay onto a wagon. Other well-known Gothic paintings include The Last Judgement by Michelangelo and The Arnolfini Portrait by Jan van Eyck.
In the late Gothic period, artists began to experiment with new techniques and styles, paving the way for the Renaissance. Painters such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo created masterpieces that would forever change the course of art history. Gothic art is still revered by many art lovers today and continues to influence artists all over the world.