Joan Miró (1893 – 1983) was a world-renowned Spanish painter and sculptor. He was born in Barcelona, Spain, on April 20, 1893, the second of three children of Miquel Miró Adzerias and Dolors Ferràs. His father worked as a goldsmith and his grandfather was a watchmaker. As a child, Joan showed an interest in art and often sketched with his father.
In 1907, Miró enrolled at the Barcelona Academy of Fine Arts. He was not a diligent student, and he often skipped class to go to the beach or play soccer. In 1910, Miró left the academy without finishing his studies.
For the next few years, Miró worked odd jobs and explored different artistic styles. In 1912, he began to experiment with Cubism, a style of painting that would become one of his trademarks.
In 1918, Miró married Pilar Juncosa, with whom he would have two sons. The couple moved to Paris in 1919, where Joan Miró came into contact with the Surrealist movement. He became good friends with the Surrealist artist Salvador Dalí, and the two would often collaborate on paintings and sculptures.
In 1931, Miró returned to Barcelona, where he would live for the rest of his life