20th-century art movements include Cubism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Dada, Surrealism, Constructivism, and Abstract Expressionism. These movements were led by artists who sought to break away from traditional forms of expression and create new modes of visual communication.
Cubism was one of the most influential movements of the 20th century. It was developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in the early 1900s. Cubism sought to break down traditional forms of art, such as perspective and modeling, and create new ways of representing reality.
Fauvism was another influential movement of the early 20th century. It was led by Henri Matisse and other artists who were known as the “Fauves,” or “wild beasts.” Fauvism was characterized by its use of bold, vibrant colors.
Expressionism was another important movement of the early 20th century. It emerged in Germany and Austria, and later spread to other parts of Europe. Expressionism was characterized by its use of intense, emotional colors and brushstrokes.
Dada was a movement that emerged in the aftermath of World War I. It was characterized by its rejection of traditional art forms and its focus on anti-art. Dada artists sought to shock and provoke with their work.
Surrealism was another important movement that emerged in the aftermath of World War I. It was characterized by its use of dreamlike imagery and its focus on the unconscious mind. Surrealist artists sought to create art that would evoke the irrational and the surreal.
Constructivism was a movement that emerged in Russia in the early 20th century. It was characterized by its use of geometric forms and its focus on industrial design. Constructivist artists sought to create a new visual language that would be suitable for the new Soviet Union.
Abstract Expressionism was the last major art movement of the 20th century. It emerged in the United States in the 1940s and 1950s. Abstract Expressionism was characterized by its use of abstract forms and its focus on the expression of the artist’s emotions.