Pollock’s early career was greatly influenced by Surrealism and Native American art. His later work showed signs of influence from Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró. During his lifetime, Pollock enjoyed considerable fame and notoriety as he was a major art star of the 1950s. However, after his death in 1956, Pollock’s reputation declined as his paintings were seen as merely trendy imitations of European modernism.
In recent years, Pollock’s work has been reevaluated by the art world and has been subjected to renewed critical interest. His work is now seen as an important precursor to the contemporary art movements of Abstract Expressionism, Color Field painting, and Action painting.
Jackson Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming, in 1912, the youngest of five sons. His father, LeRoy Pollock, was a farmer and later a land surveyor for the government.