Romanesque painting is often associated with the Byzantine art of the same period. Both styles share certain characteristics, such as a focus on religious subjects and the use of rich colors and ornate details. However, Romanesque painting is distinguished from Byzantine art by its more naturalistic style and greater use of realism.
Romanesque painting reached its peak in the 12th century, during the height of the Romanesque period. The best-known examples of Romanesque painting are the frescoes of the churches and cathedrals of Europe, such as the Basilica of Saint Denis in France and the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Spain.